It is the branch of dentistry that studies and treats disease of the bone, connecting tissue, and gum surrounding a tooth. Under non-surgical periodontal procedures, deep cleanings of gums is carried out along with scaling and root plaining followed by adjunctive therapy with antibiotics. In permanent Dental Implants, the process of placing an artificial tooth root in the jaw bone and its subsequent binding through a process called Osseo-integration is also covered under periodontal procedure.
Periodontal surgical procedures also include Regeneration, which involves removal of bacteria from under the gum tissues and use of bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins later on to encourage body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue. It also includes smoothening of irregular surfaces of bones to remove possible areas where bacteria could take shelter and grow again, so that gum tissues have a better chance of re-attaching to the bone and growing back again.
A procedure called Gingivectomy which involves removal of extra tissues from the gums to expose a larger area of the teeth is also a surgical periodontal procedure carried out to enhance appearance of the teeth, and also to lessen more possible hideouts for bacteria and infection from growing in the mouth. Another procedure called Gingival Sculpting, which involves removal of excess gum & bone tissue to expose more area of the teeth is also periodontal procedure to give the person a broader and better smile.
The procedures covered under this branch of dentistry include…